Kapil Pokharel Kapil Pokharel
Jan 16, 2017
One China for Integrated Nepal - Kapil Pokhrel


Nepal is located between the two large and powerful countries, China and India. China is 66 times largest than Nepal and it is one of the largest countries as per its area, population, size of economy and many other things. Similarly, India is 22 times larger than Nepal as per area and it is also one of the largest as per the population and it is also growing its economy for some years. Nepal is actually, situated ‘as the sandwich between two stones’ however founding father of Nepal, late King Prithvi Narayan Shah said. Hence, geographically, Nepal is located between China and India.

Politically, Nepal is situated between two big powers. On the one side, there is the ‘Peoples Republic of China’ which is the socialist country growing its power economically, and on the other side, there is the big power USA which performing chiefdom among the imperialists blocks of the world. USA is the captain of the NATO and leading many financial institutions which are guiding the world system. USA and the other imperialist countries are provoking Dalai Lama and his supporters for so-called ‘free Tibet’ movement. The imperialist powers want to disintegrate China as it is being the largest economy and biggest power of the world. They intended to use Nepal as its strategic partner for their interest. So, Nepal is situated between the ‘imperialist’ powers (especially the USA) and ‘socialist’ China. Even though US also committed officially to the ‘One China’ policy but it has hot committed in practice. In spite of ‘the one China principle is the political basis of the China-U.S. relationship’ (http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-taiwan-idUSKBN13R2NT, coded from Chinese high official) newly elected President Trump has made telephone conversation with so-called Taiwani President on 2nd Dec. It can be the evident of this statement.

Nepal’s official stance is China’s integrity and ‘One China’. Either there had been absolute monarchy or multiparty democracy of republic era; Nepal’s stance has not changed, officially. But out-side the government’s presence; there come to hear that there are some political parties, leaders and their cadres who are taking it in very surface and notoriously. On November, Nepali Congress chairperson Sher Bahadur Deuba had disregarded the Nepali stance when he was attending a program at Goa in India even though he himself is the former Prime Minister of Nepal. Though he rejected the news, he had been shared the stage with so-called ‘PM of Tibetan Government in exile’ Lobsang Sangey in which conclave Dalai Lama had delivered video message as his inaugural key note, was organized by ‘India Foundation’, a rightist forum of India. (Deuba and Indians were sitting with Sangey) (Sources: http://www.myrepublica.com/news/8894; http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2016-11-11/photo-shows-deuba-with-tibetan-leader.html ).

Indian government and some political parties are provoking Dalai Lama and his so-called ‘free Tibet’ movement in their land even though its principal of relation with China is ‘One China’. It proves the same program which ‘India Foundation’ had organized, on 4 to 6 November this year, there were Indian union minister for railways- Suresh Prabhu, along with ruling BJP chief Shah.  

South China Sea has been being made a matter of tension in the south-east Asian region for some decades. The root cause of the South China Sea issue is the invasion and illegal occupation by certain countries of some islands and reefs of China’s Nansha Islands. Many historical records prove that the South China Sea Islands have been China’s territory since ancient times. After World War II, China’s territories previously occupied by Japan, including Taiwan and the Penghu Islands, Xisha Islands and Nansha Islands were restored to China. After recovering them, China reaffirmed its sovereignty over them. Especially in the Nansha Islands, China strengthened its jurisdiction over and stationed its troops there. Before 1970s, it was widely recognized by the international community that the South China Sea Islands belong to China and no country ever challenged this. At that time, there was freedom of navigation and over-flight as well as peace and stability in the South China Sea. When rich reserves of oil and gas were found in the South China Sea in late 1960s, countries like the Philippines, Vietnam, and Malaysia began to occupy China’s Nansha Islands and reefs in different numbers, starting from 1970s. Moreover, they have attempted to deny China’s sovereignty over the Nansha Islands with their maritime claims on the grounds that the Nansha Islands are located within 200 nautical miles off their coasts, by deliberately mixing up two kinds of disputes that are different in nature, misleading the international opinion. Under the pretext of exercising freedom of navigation and over-flight, certain countries are conducting many abnormal civil and military activities in the waters and airspaces neighboring China’s Nansha Islands and reefs which create tensions in the South China Sea and threaten China’ s sovereignty and security. They are the biggest threat to peace and stability and freedom of navigation and over-flight in the South China Sea and represent the biggest possible obstacle to free commerce as desired by other countries. USA is showing interest to intervene through this issue.

In the Nepal- China Treaty in 1956, ‘Nepal recognized Tibet as a part of China’ as its principle of relationship. Not only has the principle of relationship but also the principle of international relations, Nepal applied vis-a-vis. China. Anti-China movement is abandoned in Nepal but either due to behavioral/ intentional causes or due to the weaknesses of the state, anti-China activities being heard sometime, like the case of Deuba.  We, the Nepali people have to understand that ‘One China’ is not only for China, instead it is the case of interest of Nepal at the equal height.  Let’s imagine, if the so-called ‘free Tibet movement’ gets success, in that case, China will not be the neighbor of Nepal. In such case, in place of PR of China, the so-called ‘Tibet’ will be the immediate neighbor of Nepal. It is obvious that, so-called ‘Tibet government’ will be commanded by the imperialist powers. It will be the sub-ordinate member of imperialist block, like Afghanistan and Iraq; then, what will be the Nepal policy of that ‘state’? Terrible! Due to the loyalty of some Nepali political parties and leaders to India, it is playing hegemonic role over Nepal. India is playing not only the hegemonic behavior but also the expansionist behaviours to Nepal whereas China is supporting Nepal for development, it honors Nepal for peace and stability, it supports for Nepal’s unity and sovereignty as a good neighbor. If we change neighbor in-place of China, how can Nepal be remain as integrated? How can it protect its sovereignty and freedom? In that case Nepal could be smashed between expansionist- hegemonic India and imperialist’s puppet ‘Tibet’.

 Nepal is being federal in place of unitary system. In this context, we have to take in mind that federal provinces in the basis of ethnicity can be harmful to Nepal. Fundamentally, ethnic based federalism could be the principal of federalization of any country but due to the specific geo-political location of Nepal, it could be destructive to Nepal as hegemonic- expansionist and imperialist powers are willing to disintegrate Nepal for their interest.  However, ‘One China’ is equal height to Nepal as China, and ‘One China’ is the equal interest of Nepal to protect its own sovereignty and integrity. Similarly, ‘ethnic federalism’ and ‘separate Madhesh province’ could be the beginning to dis-integrate Nepal’s sovereignty. As ‘One China’ is the common issue of China and Nepal, ‘ethnic province’ and ‘separate Madhesh province’ could be equal issue of Nepal and China. I think, China knows this issue, straightforwardly, as equal as, the nationalist Nepali people understand about it.

 Finally, Nepal and Nepali people should honor ‘One China’ policy; the leaders have to understand about the importance of ‘One China’ principle along with the case of foundation of federalism in Nepal. We have to respect ‘One China’ policy for our own interest, it is not only for China.

rd December 2016

Kathmandu, Nepal.



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